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Russian Personalities

People well-known in art, sport, film, fashion

Boris Pasternak – outstanding writer

Boris Pasternak – outstanding writer

Boris Pasternak – outstanding writer


The Russian poet, novelist, and translator Boris Pasternak was the foremost writer of the Soviet period.
Boris Leonidovich Pasternak was born on February 10, 1890, in Moscow. His parents and their friends provided an artistic, musical, and literary environment that nurtured Pasternak’s creative aspirations. His father, Leonid O. Pasternak, was a prominent painter, and his mother, Rosa F. Kaufman, was an accomplished concert pianist. Boris began to study musical composition at the age of 13 and soon abandoned music for philosophy.
In 1909 he enrolled the philosophy faculty of Moscow University. In 1912 Pasternak traveled to Marburg and extended his travels to Italy before returning to Moscow.
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Nikolai Shchelokov – interior minister

Nikolai Shchelokov - interior minister

Nikolai Shchelokov – interior minister


On November 10, 1984 there was a sensational message on the pages of Soviet newspapers: the former Minister of Internal Affairs of the USSR, Nikolai Shchelokov, was deprived of the rank of army general. On the Day of the Soviet Militia (Police Day)! It was under Minister Shchelokov, who held his post for 16 years, from 1966 to 1982, the holiday became one of the main in the country. It was a painful blow for him. Then the others came: expulsion from the party and deprivation of government awards. On December 13, Nikolai Anisimovich put on the military uniform and shot himself.
In 1966, when Brezhnev instructed Shchelokov to revive the Interior Ministry, liquidated under Khrushchev, many were unhappy, especially professionals. But Brezhnev needed proven people in key positions.
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Raisa Gorbacheva – Soviet and Russian public figure

Raisa Gorbacheva - Soviet and Russian public figure

Raisa Gorbacheva – Soviet and Russian public figure

Raisa Gorbacheva was a Soviet and Russian public figure, the wife of Mikhail Gorbachev and the first lady of the Soviet Union.
Raisa Maximovna Titarenko was born on January 5, 1932 in Rubtsovsk, West Siberian region, USSR. Her father was a railroad engineer who, when she was only three, was imprisoned for four years for criticizing collectivized agriculture. A grandfather had been executed under Stalin. Her younger brother Evgeny Titarenko (born in 1935) is a writer. Her sister Lyudmila Ayukasova (born in 1938) graduated from the Bashkir Medical Institute and worked as an ophthalmologist in Ufa. During the illness of Raisa she was ready to become a bone marrow donor for her sister.
The family often moved and Raisa spent her childhood in Siberia and the Urals. In 1950 she came to Moscow and entered the Philosophy Faculty of Moscow State University. There she met the future husband, Mikhail, who studied at the law faculty.
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Russian Emperor Peter III

Russian Emperor Peter III

Russian Emperor Peter III

The Russian Emperor Peter III lived only 34 years and had two names – German and Russian. But even in such a short period the Emperor was able to earn the diametrically opposite assessments from “Stupid martinet” and “chronic drunkards”, to “a prominent figure in Russian culture”, “statesman”. Why did one and the same person receive such different characteristics how did he manage to earn them just of six months of his reign?
Karl Peter Ulrich (future Peter III) was born in 1728 in the German city of Kiel. His father was Duke Charles Frederick of Holstein-Gottorp – the ruler of the north German state of Holstein, and his mother was a daughter of Peter I, Anna Petrovna. On his father’s side little Karl was a grandnephew of Swedish King Karl XII and first was raised as heir to the Swedish throne. His mother died shortly after his birth, having caught a cold during the fireworks in honor of the birth of the son. At the age of 11 the boy lost his father.
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Nina Kukharchuk – wife of Nikita Khrushchev

Nina Kukharchuk – wife of Nikita Khrushchev

Nina Kukharchuk – wife of Nikita Khrushchev


Nina Kukharchuk was a wife of Nikita Khrushchev, who became the head of state largely thanks to this woman. And she was the first wife of the head of state to travel abroad.
Nina Kukharchuk was born on April 14, 1900 in the Russian Empire. Her parents were poor farmers with many children. At the age of 12 Nina finished village school and the teacher persuaded her parents to send the girl to study in the city. The war began when she entered Mariinsky School. The school was moved to Odessa, where Nina lived until 1920.
In 1919, in occupied Odessa Nina joined the Bolshevik Party and began clandestine activity. In particular, she was one of the leaders of the Odessa underground komsomol organization. In June 1920, Nina was sent to the Polish front as she spoke Polish. The girl repeatedly had to risk her life. Later Nina came to Galichina where she became an activist of the Western Ukraine Communist Party.
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Alexander Kolchak – White Admiral

Alexander Kolchak - White Admiral

Alexander Kolchak – White Admiral

Alexander Kolchak was a Russian military and political figure, admiral, scientist, oceanographer, polar explorer. He was a participant of the Russian-Japanese War and the First World War. In 1915-1916 he was a commander of the Imperial Baltic Fleet and in 1916-1917 he was a Commander-in-Chief of the Imperial Black Sea Fleet. During the Civil War he was a Supreme Commander of the Russian army. He was one of the greatest polar explorers of the late XIX – early XX centuries, a member of a number of famous Russian polar expeditions. The Russian admiral proclaimed himself supreme ruler of Russia.
Alexander Vasilievich Kolchak was born on November 4, 1874 in St. Petersburg. In 1894 he graduated from the Russian Naval Academy.
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Vasily Yeroshenko – blind Lomonosov of the XX century

Yeroshenko in Beijing, 1922

Yeroshenko in Beijing, 1922

Vasily Yeroshenko’s name is almost unknown in modern Russia. Being blind, he traveled half the world, learned at least 20 languages (including Japanese, Chinese, Chukchi and Turkmen) and wrote poems, fairy tales, stories and even plays. His collected works includes several heavy volumes. And some of his works have not yet been transferred from the same Japanese into Russian. In the Land of the Rising Sun his name is familiar to almost any student.
Yeroshenko is a forgotten genius of the XX century. Because of his correspondence with foreign friends he was constantly under the supervision of the NKVD. His disability saved him from repression and accusations of “espionage for Japan”. His archives were destroyed and Yeroshenko restored them. He never lost hope and sought for the new until the end.
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Konstantin Stanislavsky – great theater director

Konstantin Stanislavsky – great theater director

Konstantin Stanislavsky – great theater director

Konstantin Stanislavsky was a Russian theater director, actor and teacher, theater reformer. He was the creator of the famous system of actor training, which has a great popularity in Russia and in the world. In 1936 Stanislavsky became the first People’s Artist of the USSR. He was one of the most influential theater personalities of the twentieth century.
In 1888 he became a founding member of the Moscow Society of Art and Literature. In 1898, together with Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko he founded the Moscow Art Theatre.
Konstantin Sergeevich Stanislavsky (his real surname was Alexeyev) was born on January 17, 1863 in Moscow. He was born into a large family (he had nine brothers and sisters) of a famous industrialist. Nikolai Alekseev, Mayor of Moscow, was his cousin. Konstantin’s younger sister Zinaida Sokolova was Honored Artist of the RSFSR.
In 1878-1881 he studied in the gymnasium at the Lazarev Institute. His excellent classical education included singing, ballet, and acting lessons as well as regular visits to the opera and theater.
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Khabib Nurmagomedov – professional fighter

Khabib Nurmagomedov – professional fighter

Khabib Nurmagomedov – professional fighter

Khabib Nurmagomedov is a professional Russian athlete, mixed martial arts (MMA) fighter, Ultimate Fighting Championship fighter. He is a finalist of the Russian Championship, Champion of Eurasia in fighting, champion of Russia, two-time world champion in combat sambo, champion of Europe in pankration, grappling world champion. He took part in several M-1 Global tournaments. He entered the TOP-10 of the best UFC fighters. On August 31, 2015 Habib signed an exclusive sponsorship deal with Reebok.
Khabib Abdulmanapovich Nurmagomedov was born on September 20, 1988, in Dagestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, USSR (now Dagestan, Russia). Since childhood, he was trained by his father, Abdulmanap Nurmagomedov.
On January 21, 2012 Khabib had his first UFC fight, which ended with his victory. For that fight Khabib received $ 8000 (+ $ 8000 bonus for the victory).
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Sergei Vronsky – great hoaxer or professional astrologer?

Sergei Vronsky - great hoaxer or professional astrologer?

Sergei Vronsky – great hoaxer or professional astrologer?

Sergei Vronsky was called ingenious hoaxer, compared with Nostradamus, Count Cagliostro, False Dmitry, and even Baron Munchausen. He was a descendant of the old ducal family, German Wehrmacht major, Rudolf Hess’ personal astrologer and, according to his biographers, one of the most effective Stalin’s agents.
He was an astrologer and a healer and famous people including Feodor Chaliapin and Alexander Alekhine, Marlene Dietrich and Greta Garbo, Georges Pompidou and Mao Zedong, asked him for help. Vronsky had warned about the death of John F. Kennedy and Marilyn Monroe. And besides, he wrote a multivolume work Classical astrology and created a methodology for calculating the favorable and unfavorable periods for the individual based on his biorhythms.
Vronsky was an extraordinary and mysterious person. His name has become a symbol of classical astrology of the 20th century, and his multi-volume work, written in simple and understandable language, opened the gates to the mysterious science of astrology for many people. Vronsky died on January 10, 1998 in Riga, and a few days before his death, he had finished his work – 12 volumes on classical astrology. He put the last point in his manuscript, and only then quietly left this world. Vronsky was a mysterious person and even the closest people did not know anything about him in particular. He said: “I do not have the right to tell the truth.”
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