Alexander Gradsky – composer and singer
Alexander Gradsky is a Soviet and Russian singer, multi-instrumentalist, songwriter, poet, and composer. He is one of the founders of Russian rock, Honored Artist of Russia (1997), laureate of the State Prize of the Russian Federation (1999), People’s Artist of Russia (1999), People’s Artist of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic (2014).
Alexander Borisovich Gradsky was born on November 3, 1949 in Kopeisk, Chelyabinsk Oblast, RSFSR, USSR. His father Boris Abramovich Fradkin (1926-2013) was a mechanical engineer. In 1957 the family returned to Moscow. His mother, Tamara Gradskaya (1929-1963), a graduate of GITIS, had great influence on the development of the future musician.
In 1965, he founded Soviet rock group The Slavs and a year later, in 1966, Skomorokhs, which brought him the greatest popularity.
In the early 70’s film director Andrei Mikhalkov-Konchalovsky began his work on the film “Romance of Lovers”. Gradsky was chosen as a composer. The film was a great success and brought fame to the creator of music for the film. Billboard magazine named Gradsky ‘Star of the Year’ (1974) for his outstanding contribution to world music.
Alexander was the author of the rock opera “Stadium” (1985), composed music for the first Soviet rock ballet “Man” (based on the novel by Rudyard Kipling). The main roles in this opera were performed by popular Soviet singers and actors: Alla Pugacheva, Iosif Kobzon, Elena Kamburova, Mikhail Boyarsky and others.
In 1987 Gradsky became a member of the Union of Composers.
In 1988, Alexander played the role of Astrologer in Rimsky-Korsakov’s “The Golden Cockerel” in the Bolshoi Theatre. In the same year he travelled to the USA.
Gradsky composed music for more than 40 feature films, several dozen documentaries and animated films. He has released more than 15 CDs and LPs, is an author of several rock operas and rock ballets, dozens of songs.
Gradsky took part in the television program “White Parrot”.
In 2009, Alexander released the rock musical “The Master and Margarita”.
In 2012-2016, he participated in the TV show “The Voice” on the First Channel as a mentor. Members of his team won in the first three seasons – Dina Garipova, Sergei Voltchkov and Alexandra Vorobieva. In 2015, Mikhail Ozerov took the second place in the final.
Alexander was married four times.
Natalia Gradskaya was his first wife. Alexander calls his first marriage “youth act”.
Actress Anastasia Vertinskaya was his second wife. They were married from 1976 to 1980.
Olga Semyonovna Gradskaya became his third wife. They were married from 1980 to 2003. They have two children – son Daniel Gradsky – (born on March 30, 1981), a businessman, and musician; daughter Maria Gradskaya (born on January 14, 1986), graduated Moscow State University, the TV presenter and art manager.
His fourth wife is Marina Kotashenko (born on November 22, 1984). Marina is 34 years younger than Alexander. In 2014 she gave birth to their son Alexander.