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Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov – great composer

Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov – great composer

Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov – great composer


Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov was a prominent Russian composer, conductor, and pedagogue, a member of the Russian Mighty Five. He contributed to the formation of a Russian national music in the nineteenth century.
Nikolai Andreevich Rimsky-Korsakov was born on March 6, 1844 in the town of Tikhvin near Novgorod. His father had served prominently in the provincial government. At the age of 12 the boy entered the St. Petersburg Naval Academy. There he took violoncello lessons and piano lessons from Feodor Kanille. The teacher encouraged his efforts at composition. In 1861 Kanille introduced the young cadet to the Balakirev Circle, a circle of talented dilettantes. Later its prominent members – Balakirev, Rimsky-Korsakov, Aleksandr Borodin, Modest Mussorgsky, and Cesar Cui, became known as Mighty Handful or Mighty Five.

From 1862 to 1865 Rimsky-Korsakov cruised around the world with the Russian navy. He composed his First Symphony during this trip.
In 1867 he composed the symphonic poem Sadko and the Second (Antar) Symphony in 1868. In 1871 he became a professor at the St. Petersburg Conservatory.
From 1874 to 1881 he directed the Free School, and was a director of navy bands until 1884.
He is an author of his Third Symphony (1874) and poems Capriccio Español (1887), Scheherazade (1888), and Dubinushka (1905).
Fairy stories, Eastern tales, and Russian folk epics were the sources for his operas, Snow Maiden (1882), Sadko (1898), The Invisible City of Kitezh (1907), and The Golden Cockerel (1909) and other works. In total, he composed 15 operas, 3 symphonies, symphonic works, instrumental concerts, cantatas, chamber-instrumental, vocal and spiritual music.
Rimsky-Korsakov’s work brought him fame and popularity. In addition to his own compositions, he also finished, rewrote, and orchestrated many works of other Russian composers, including Alexander Dargomyzhsky’s Stone Guest, Mussorgsky’s Khovanshchina and Boris Godunov, and Borodin’s Prince Igor.
Rimsky-Korsakov died on June 21, 1908.
He is regarded as one of the most significant composers and musicians of Russia in the nineteenth century.

Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov – great composer