Vladimir Zworykin – inventor of modern television
Vladimir Zworykin was a Russian-American engineer who was born and educated in Russia, and later emigrated to the USA. He is one of the inventors of modern television.
Vladimir Kozmich Zworykin was born on July 17, 1888 in Murom, Vladimir Province, Russian Empire. He was born into the family of a merchant of the first guild Kozma Zworykin, who sold bread, owned steamships and was a chairman of the Murom public bank.
Zworykin received a degree in electrical engineering from the St. Petersburg Institute of Technology in 1912 and a doctorate in physics in 1926 from the University of Pittsburgh.
At the Institute of Technology he participated in the first experiments in the field of “Farsight” and electronics, led by Professor Boris L. Rosing.
In 1912-1914 Vladimir continued his education in Paris at the College de France under the direction of Paul Langevin.
During the First World War he served in the Signal Corps in Grodno, then he worked in the officer’s radio school in Petrograd.
He escaped from the Civil War through Yekaterinburg to Omsk, capital of the White movement in Siberia, where he studied radio equipment and worked with foreign suppliers, went on business trips.
In 1919, during his second trip to New York Zworykin became a member of Westinghouse Electric and Manufacturing Company in Pittsburgh. In 1923 Zworykin filed a patent application (US Patent 2,141,059 of 20.12.1938) on TV, carried out entirely on an electronic principle.
In 1928, he met David Sarnoff, immigrant from Russia, vice president of Radio Corporation of America. D. Sarnoff, who became the president of the RCA in 1930, appointed Zworykin head of RCA Electronics laboratory. In 1929, Zworykin developed a picture tube, by 1931 completed iconoscope. In June 1933, Zworykin spoke at the annual conference of the American Society of Radio Engineers, where he introduced the newly created electronic television system.
In 1933 and subsequent years Zworykin repeatedly visited Europe, including the Soviet Union. He played a major role in the creation of television systems in Europe.
During the Second World War, Vladimir was engaged in the development of night vision devices and bombs with TV-fire.
In 1947 he became a vice president of RCA and technical consultant to the RCA Laboratories Division.
Zworykin Prize was given in the United States between 1952 and 1986.
Zworykin owned more than 120 patents for various inventions. He received many different awards. In particular, in 1967 US President Lyndon Johnson awarded him the National Science Medal for his scientific achievements. In 1977 he was inducted into National Inventors Hall of Fame.
Vladimir Zworykin died on July 29, 1982, in Princeton, New Jersey, USA.
Vladimir was married twice. In 1916-1930 Tatyana Vasilyeva was his wife. She gave birth to two daughters Nina (born 1920) and Elena (born in 1927). From 1951 to 1982 he was married to Ekaterina Polevitskaya.
In 2010 the film Zworykin Muromets was released.
Zworykin Monument in Moscow on the bank of the Ostankino pond was open on July 29, 2013.
Monument to Zworykin in Murom was opened on July 31, 2013.