Fedot Shubin – Russian sculptor
Fedot Shubin (28 May 1740 – 24 May 1805) was the most significant Russian sculptor of the XVIII century, a representative of classicism, one of the great masters of world art.
Fedot was born in a fishing village in the Arkhangelsk Gubernia into a family of peasant Ivan Afanasevich Shubnoi.
After his father’s death in the winter of 1759 Fedot went to St. Petersburg to study at the Academy of Fine Arts.
After the graduation Shubin together with Alexander Ivanov studied in Paris (1767-1770) and Rome (1770-1772).
In Paris Shubin was assigned to study under the sculptor Jean-Baptiste Pigalle, who was famous both for his allegorical and mythological compositions and for realistic portraits.
In 1770 Shubin painted portraits of Count Shuvalov and his nephew Fyodor Golitsyn. His marble bust of Catherine II was also successful. Before returning to St. Petersburg, Shubin undertook journey to London.
In 1774 Shubin was awarded the title of academician for his bust of the Empress.
In 1775 the sculptor made a bust of Prince Alexander Golitsyn, which was one of his most brilliant works.
In 1792 Shubin made a portrait of Mikhail Lomonosov from memory.
His bust of Paul I (1797, marble) is a true masterpiece of portraiture.
Shubin worked mainly with marble. His work belongs to the genre of classicism. Most of his sculptural portraits are in the form of busts. Fedot worked not only as a portrait painter, but also as a decorator. Shubin carried out many commissions for decorative works—statues and reliefs for the Marble Palace, sculptures for the Trinity Cathedral in the Alexander Nevsky Monastery (Lavra), a marble mausoleum for Lieutenant General P. Golitsyn.
Shubin died on May 24, 1805 in St. Petersburg and was buried at the Smolensk Orthodox cemetery. In October 1931 his remains were transferred to the memorial necropolis of the XVIII century – Lazarevskoe cemetery in Alexander Nevsky Monastery.