Alexander Scriabin – Russian composer
Alexander Scriabin was a Russian composer and pianist. To tell the truth, he was a bright representative of the early modern school of Russian music. The uniqueness of the works of this composer is not only in the complicated harmony, but also in the introduction of color to music for the best expressiveness.
Alexander Nikolayevich was born on December 25, 1871 (according to other sources on January 6, 1872) in Moscow. The boy was born into the family of the Moscow University student Nikolai Scriabin, who later became a prominent diplomat and state councilor. His mother Lyubov Petrovna was a talented pianist, who graduated with honors from the St. Petersburg Conservatory. After an early death of the spouse Nikolai married Olga Fernandez. They had five children: Nicholai, Vladimir, Xenia, Andrei, Cyril.
Since childhood Alexander studied piano. Alexander Taneev was a teacher of the 14-year-old boy.
In 1888 Scriabin entered the Moscow Conservatory. You know, Sergei Rakhmaninov was his classmate. Alexander graduated from the conservatory with the Gold Medal in 1892.
Later, in August 1897, Scriabin married young talented pianist Vera Ivanovna Isakovich in Nizhny Novgorod. Alexander and his wife went abroad, where he performed mainly his own compositions. In 1898 the Scriabins returned to Russia. And in July of the same year their daughter Rima was born. The little girl died at the age of seven. In 1900 Vera gave birth to their daughter Elena, who later became the wife of the eminent Soviet pianist Vladimir Sofronitsky. Their daughter Maria was born in 1901 and son Lev was born in 1902.
In the winter of 1904, the composer went abroad. Actually, in the same year he completed the Third Symphony and performed it in Paris in the spring of 1905. Besides, Scriabin visited Belgium, Italy, Switzerland, France and even America. During that period, Alexander Nikolayevich divorced his first wife.
At the end of 1902 Scriabin met his second wife (they weren’t officially married) Tatyana Fedorovna Schlozer, niece of Paul de Schlozer, professor of the Moscow Conservatory. They had three children – Ariadne, Julian and Marina.
The master composed numerous short piano pieces – nocturnes, mazurkas, etudes, preludes, sonatas and the outstanding orchestral works.
Alexander Scriabin died on April 14, 1915 in Moscow and was buried at the Novodevichy Cemetery.
Boris Pasternak and Marina Tsvetaeva presented at the funeral of Scriabin, this was their one of the first joint memories.