Alexander Scriabin – Russian composer
Alexander Scriabin was a Russian composer and pianist. He was a striking representative of the early modern school of Russian music.
Alexander Nikolayevich Scriabin was born on December 25, 1871 (according to other sources on January 6, 1872) in Moscow. He was born into the family of the Moscow University student, Nikolai Scriabin, who later became a prominent diplomat and state councilor. His mother, Lyubov Petrovna, was a talented pianist graduated with honors from the St. Petersburg Conservatory. After an early death of the spouse Nikolai married Olga Fernandez. They had five children: Nicholai, Vladimir, Xenia, Andrei, Cyril.
Since childhood Alexander studied piano and, at the age of 14, took theory and composition instruction from Alexander Taneev.
In 1888 Scriabin entered the Moscow Conservatory. Sergei Rakhmaninov was his classmate.
In 1892 Alexander graduated with the Gold Medal.
In August 1897 Scriabin married young talented pianist Vera Ivanovna Isakovich in Nizhny Novgorod. Scriabin and his wife went abroad, where he performed mainly his own compositions. In 1898 the Scriabins returned to Russia. In July of the same year their daughter Rima was born. The little girl died at the age of seven. In 1900 Vera gave birth to their daughter Elena, who later became the wife of the eminent Soviet pianist Vladimir Sofronitsky. Their daughter Maria was born in 1901 and son Lev was born in 1902.
At the end of 1902 Scriabin met his second wife (they weren’t officially married) Tatyana Fedorovna Schlozer, niece of Paul de Schlozer, professor of the Moscow Conservatory. They had three children – Ariadne, Julian and Marina. Scriabin’s son, Julian, seemed a prodigious copy of the father; he, too, died early and tragically in 1919.
He composed numerous short piano pieces—nocturnes, mazurkas, etudes, preludes, sonatas and the remarkable orchestral works.
Alexander Scriabin died on April 14, 1915 in Moscow. He was buried at Novodevichy Cemetery.
Boris Pasternak and Marina Tsvetaeva presented at the funeral of Scriabin, it was their one of the first joint memories.