Abram Arkhipov – Russian painter
Abram Arkhipov was a Russian painter, Peredvizhnik. He made his name in the history of Russian art as a sensitive, poetic artist who devoted all his talent to themes from peasant life.
He was born on August 15 (27), 1862 into a poor peasant family in Ryazan Gubernia.
He studied at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture. In addition, from 1884 to 1886 he studied at the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts. Arkhipov started out as a genre- artist, in the footsteps of his teacher – Perov.
In 1887, Arkhipov got a large silver medal and the title of the class artist for the painting Visiting the Sick Woman, which depicts the artist’s mother.
In the 1890s Arkhipov painted mostly in the open air, portraying his heroes in the wide-open spaces of the Volga, in green meadows and roads.
In 1891 Abram joined the Association of Traveling Art Exhibitions. Many works of that period, such as Visiting the Sick Woman, Along the river Oka, Lay Brother were bought by Pavel Tretyakov for his collection.
In 1896 and 1912, the artist visited France, Germany and Italy.
In 1898 he received the title of Academician (full member of the Academy of Arts since 1916).
In the early 1900s Arkhipov painted an unusual series of portraits of peasant women and girls from the Ryazan and Nizhny Novgorod regions. They are all dressed in bright national costume, with embroidered scarves and beads.
In 1904 he became a founding member of the Union of Russian Artists.
After the October Revolution Arkhipov took part in the reorganization of the College.
In 1927 he was among the first who were awarded the title of People’s Artist of the Russian Republic.
Arkhipov died in Moscow on September 25, 1930 and was buried at the Vagankovsky cemetery. He was not married and had no children, but the artistic traditions of his family were continued by his grandniece Alla Bedina.