Prince Andrei Bogolubskii
1169 is considered to be the end of Kievan Russia. That year Andrei Bogolubskii conquered Kiev. Of course Kiev had been seized by different princes before. But it was the title of Grand Prince that they wanted, and Kiev became their capital.
For example, Yuri Dolgoruky, Andrei’s father, occupied Kiev twice, but in 1157 he was killed there. After his death Andrei inherited the Rostov and Suzdal principality. As Andrei considered himself to be the eldest prince, he gathered a levy and seized Kiev. His troops didn’t abstain from pillage and the capital of Kievan Russia was plundered.
But the most strange thing was that on receiving the title of Grand Prince Andrei didn’t stay in Kiev. His own principality was dearer to him, and such a thing happened for the first time: neither Rostov, nor Suzdal became the capital of Andrei’s state. He chose Vladimir.
But the boyars didn’t like how Andrei ruled. He wanted to be an autocratic ruler. He treated the boyars as his slaves. And in 1174 Andrei was murdered as a result of the plot organized by the boyars.
But Andrei sowed the seed of change. A new era, the era of Vladimir began.
Prince Andrei was born on June 29, 1174 into the family of Yuri Dolgoruky and Polovtsian princess, the daughter of Khan Aepa Osenevich.
The prince was canonized by the Russian Orthodox Church in 1702. The relics of Bogolubskii are in St. Andrew chapel of the Assumption Cathedral in Vladimir. On the same day in 1764 Emperor Ioann Antonovich was killed in mysterious circumstances, and in 1918 on the same day Bolsheviks killed Tsar Nicholas II, his family and servants in Yekaterinburg.
Marriages and children
In 1148, Andrei ‘s father Yuri Dolgoruky made him marry the daughter of the executed boyar Stepan Ivanovich Kuchka, Ulita, who was very beautiful. She participated in a plot against her husband and in 1175 was executed.
Although there was another version – not Ulita, but Bogolubskii’s unknown wife was executed.
Ulita gave birth to five children:
– Izyaslav, participant in the campaign against the Volga Bulgars, died in 1165.
– Mstislav died on March 28, 1173.
– Yuri, Prince of Novgorod in 1173-1175. In 1185-1189 he was a husband of Georgian Queen Tamara. Yuri died in 1190.
– Rostislava was a wife of Sviatoslav Vschizhsky.
– Gleb of Vladimir (1155? – 1175), a saint. He died at the age of 20 shortly before the murder of his father.