Olga the Beauty, Russian Ruler
Princess Olga, also known as Olga the Beauty, ruled Rus from 945 to 962 after the death of her husband Igor, Grand Duke of Kiev. She was the first of Russian rulers who adopted Christianity before the Baptism of Russia.
Olga was born in 890. According to the Primary Chronicle she was born in Pleskov (Pskov), into a family of Varyag origin. By some accounts, Olga was the daughter of Prophetic Oleg, Oleg of Novgorod. He became the ruler of Kievan Rus as a guardian of a minor Igor, the son of Rurik. It was Oleg, who married Igor and Olga. But this version of the origin of the princess is not confirmed.
Beautiful Olga was the wife of Igor of Kiev, who was killed by the Drevlians. Upon her husband’s death, their son Svyatoslav was three years old, making Olga the official ruler of Kievan Rus until he reached adulthood. The Drevlians wanted Olga to marry their Prince Mal, making him the ruler of Kievan Rus. But Olga wanted to remain in power and preserve it for her son.
By the way, Olga decided to take revenge for her husband’s murder. 20 Drevlians arrived by boat to ask Olga to marry their Prince Mal. As a result, Olga ordered to throw them and their boat into a deep pit in the yard and buried them alive.
Then Olga asked to send new the best ambassadors to her. So they were burnt in the banya (sauna).
3rd revenge: Princess with a small team came to the Drevlians land to celebrate a funeral feast at the grave of her husband. During the feast she gave the Drevlians potion and told her soldiers to slaughter them. Chronicle reports about 5 thousand killed Drevlians.
According to Tale of Bygone Years, Olga burned the city of the Drevlians with the help of birds, she ordered to tie the lighted tow to their feet.
Princess Olga initiated Stone Town Planning in Russia (the first stone buildings in Kiev were the city palace and Olga’s vacation house).
In 955 Olga was baptized in Constantinople. However, she could not make Christianity the main religion in Russia.
She died on July 11, 969.
In 1547 Olga was canonized. There are only 5 female saints in Christian history: Mary Magdalene, Thekla the Protomartyr, Martyr Apphia, Queen Elena and Nina Enlightener of Georgia. Holy Princess Olga is the patron saint of widows.
Dozens of movies and serials were filmed about Princess Olga. Her portraits are in Russian art galleries. In her native Pskov there is a bridge, a quay and a chapel named after Olga and two monuments dedicated to her.