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Russian Personalities

People well-known in art, sport, film, fashion

Category Archive: Politics

Lavrentiy Beria – Soviet politician

Lavrenti Beria – Soviet politician

Lavrentiy Beria – Soviet politician

Lavrentiy Beria is one of the most infamous politicians of the 20th century, whose activities are still widely discussed in modern society. He was an extremely controversial personality in the history of the USSR and went through a long political path full of repressions and endless crimes. The head of the NKVD was a cunning and insidious politician. The destinies of entire peoples depended on his decisions.
He worked under the auspices of the then acting head of the USSR, Josef Stalin. You know, after Stalin’s death he was going to rule the country, but in the struggle for power he lost to Nikita Khrushchev and, by decision of the court, was executed as a traitor to the Motherland.
Lavrentiy Pavlovich was born on March 29, 1899 in a village in Abkhazia into the family of poor peasants. He was the third and only healthy child in the family – the elder brother of the future politician died of illness at the age of two, and the sister suffered a serious illness and became deaf and dumb. From the very childhood the boy showed a great interest in education, which was not typical for peasant children. At the same time, parents decided to give the son a chance to become educated. They had to sell half of their house to pay for the boy’s education in the Sukhumi Higher Primary School.
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Boris Skosyrev – king of Andorra

Boris Skosyrev - king of Andorra

Boris Skosyrev – king of Andorra


In the autumn of 1933 a strange Russian appeared on the territory of the principality of Andorra. The foreigner amazed the locals with his manners, wealth and the ability to charm people. His name was Boris Skosyrev. He was an adventurer, a Russian emigre. In 1934 Boris became the king of Andorra Boris I. His life was more like an adventure novel than a reality.
Boris Mikhailovich was born on June 12, 1896 in Vilnius, the Russian Empire.
Skosyrev claimed that he was a nobleman who had escaped from Russia after the execution of the whole family and that at one time he had studied at the best universities in England and France. Also he was proud of his friendship with British politician Oliver Locker-Lampson, the future creator of British military aviation. Until 1919 Skosyrev was in Ukraine as part of the British group of assistance to the White Movement.
Once in London, he worked as a military interpreter. Soon Boris was arrested because he was in Britain without registration and paid for living with invalid checks. In 1922, he moved to the Netherlands, where, as he said, he began to provide secret services to the royal family, for which Queen Wilhelmina awarded him the title of Count and the name Orange. This, of course, was not true. The adventurer managed to live in Colombia and many European countries, where he had a reputation as a spy.
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Nadezhda Krupskaya – Soviet educator

Nadezhda Krupskaya – Soviet educator

Nadezhda Krupskaya – Soviet educator


Nadezhda Krupskaya was probably the most mysterious character of Russian history in the last century. She wrote about her life herself. In Soviet times, her biography was corrected to be perfect. After the 1990s, this gloss began to be covered with mud, and as thoroughly as it had been previously bleached.
The girl was born on February 14, 1869 in St. Petersburg into a poor aristocratic family. Her father Konstantin Ignatievich Krupsky was a lawyer and her mother Elizaveta Vasilievna Tistrova was a governess. They say, the father was a revolutionary and supported the participants of the Polish uprising in 1863.
Once they wrote that Krupskaya had studied perfectly in the gymnasium and graduated in 1887 with a gold medal. But Nadezhda Konstantinovna in the book My Life wrote that it was always difficult to study, it was difficult to understand and lessons were boring. And no one has ever seen her gold medal, and there were no gymnasium girlfriends who would later (in Moscow or in exile) talk about joint studies.
Then she worked as a teacher in the evening school for workers for 5 years until the very first arrest.
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Yuri Andropov – the godfather of perestroika

Yuri Andropov - the godfather of perestroika

Yuri Andropov – the godfather of perestroika


Yuri Andropov is a famous Soviet statesman and politician who led the country from 1982 to 1984, and before that he made a name for himself during his many years as chairman of the State Security Committee. The biography of Andropov is one of the most intricate among all members of the Politburo. According to official data, he was born on June 15, 1914 into the family of railway worker Vladimir Andropov and his wife Evgenia Karlovna Fleckenstein, a music teacher in a women’s gymnasium.
In his brief biography Yuri Vladimirovich wrote that his mother was a foster child in the house of wealthy Jews and received her surname from them. Also, the future secretary-general claimed that he and his mother moved to Mozdok after his father died of typhus. However, according to other people who knew the family, the boy was born a year later, and his mother divorced her husband just a month after the birth of her son and went to the Tver region. Actually, she married only for the sake of changing her surname, fearing of genocide.
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Konstantin Chernenko – Soviet leader

Konstantin Chernenko – Soviet leader

Konstantin Chernenko – Soviet leader


Konstantin Chernenko is the sixth leader of the country in the 20th century. In 1984 he was elected General Secretary of the CPSU Central Committee. To tell the truth, the man had serious health problems at that time, as a result he remained the leader for only one year and twenty-five days.
The future politician was born on September 24, 1911, in the village Bolshaya Tes into the family of peasants. The boy’s father Ustin Demidovich was mining precious metal, and his mother was engaged in plant growing. In 1919, the mother of little Kostya died. After the death of his wife, Ustin Demidovich was left alone with four children. Soon he found a new wife.
As a teenager, Konstantin worked for second-hand dealers. While studying at school, the boy became pioneer and at the age of 14 he joined the Komsomol. From 1926 to 1929 he studied at school in Novoselovo. In 1972, the native village of the future leader was flooded because of the construction of the Krasnoyarsk water storage. Local residents had to move to Novoselovo.
In 1931, Chernenko went to the army. The young man served on the border of Kazakhstan with China. During the service he participated in the destruction of the Batyr Bekmuratov gang, and joined the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU). At the same time, Chernenko was elected secretary of the party organization.
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Nikita Khrushchev – Soviet leader

Nikita Khrushchev - Soviet leader

Nikita Khrushchev – Soviet leader

Nikita Khrushchev is one of the most controversial figures in the history of the USSR. He was a “peasant son” who rose to the top of power, which did not prevent the politician from a number of achievements in the “reorganization” of Soviet society after the deadly ideological schemes of his predecessor Joseph Stalin. Nikita Sergeevich became the most outstanding reformer of the Soviet Union.
You know, Khrushchev was first secretary of the Communist Party and leader of the USSR during the first decade after Stalin’s death between 1953and 1964. He abolished the most ruthless aspects of the political system and tried with limited success to catch up with and overtake the U.S. economy. He was one of the most important figures of the Cold War. During his ten years in power, Khrushchev never stopped surprising the world with his vigor and stamina. He could work 14 to 16 hours a day, never needing a break. To tell the truth, he allowed himself to relax only during his energetic hunting sessions.
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Joseph Stalin – Soviet leader

Joseph Stalin - Soviet leader

Joseph Stalin – Soviet leader

Joseph Stalin led the Soviet Union for about 25 years. He made it into a world power, but he was known for his harsh rule. Stalin defended the achievements of the Bolshevik Revolution, successfully waged war against NAZI Germany, and contributed to the division of Eastern from Western Europe in the 1940s. In the country, agriculture was actively mechanized, industrialization took place, as a result of which the USSR turned into a nuclear superpower with colossal geopolitical influence throughout the world.
Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin was born on December 21, 1879, in Gori, Georgia. His father was a cobbler and his mother was a domestic servant. The boy studied at a local church school and the Tiflis (Tbilisi in Georgian) Orthodox seminary, from which he was expelled in 1899.
His Georgian name was Ioseb Dzhugashvili. Later he used the name of Stalin, which is based on the Russian word for “steel.”
As a young man Stalin became interested in Communism. Communists believe that all citizens should get an equal share of their country’s wealth.
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