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Russian Personalities

People well-known in art, sport, film, fashion

Category Archive: History

Russian Emperor Peter III

Russian Emperor Peter III

Russian Emperor Peter III


Peter III was a very unordinary emperor. He did not know the Russian language, he liked to play soldiers and wanted to baptize Russia according to the Protestant rite. His mysterious death led to the emergence of a whole galaxy of impostors.
The boy was named Karl Peter Ulrich, as the future Russian ruler was born in the port city Kiel, located in the north of the modern German state. To tell the truth, his rule lasted only six months, after which he was the victim of a palace coup, arranged by his wife Catherine II.
The boy was born into the family of Duke Charles Frederick of Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorp, the nephew of the Swedish King Charles XII, and his wife Anna Petrovna, the daughter of Tsar Peter the Great. The child became the heir to the Swedish throne, and besides, in theory he could claim the Russian throne, although according to the idea of his grandfather Peter I this should not have happened. To tell the truth, his childhood was not royal at all. He lost his mother very early, and the father brought up his son like a soldier. At the age of 10 little Karl Peter was awarded the rank of second lieutenant, and a year later the boy was completely orphaned.
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Alexander Kolchak – White Admiral

Alexander Kolchak - White Admiral

Alexander Kolchak – White Admiral


Alexander Kolchak is a prominent military commander and Russian statesman, a polar explorer. During the Civil War he entered the historical chronicles as the leader of the White movement.
Alexander Vasilyevich was born on November 16, 1874 in a suburb of Petersburg into the family of hereditary noblemen. The Kolchaks gained fame in military campaigns, serving the Russian Empire for many centuries. His father was the hero of the defense of Sevastopol during the Crimean war.
Up to 11 years the boy received home education. From 1885 to 1888 Alexander studied at the gymnasium and then he entered the Marine Cadet Corps. As the best student the boy was appointed sergeant major. He graduated from the Cadet Corps in 1894 in the rank of midshipman.
From 1895 to 1899 Kolchak served in the military Baltic and Pacific fleets, made round the world trip three times. Actually, he was engaged in independent research of the Pacific Ocean, most of all he was interested in its northern territories. In 1900, the young lieutenant was transferred to the Academy of Sciences. At that time, the first scientific works began to appear, in particular, an article about his observations of the sea currents. But the young officer’s goal was not only theoretical, but also practical research – he dreamed of going to one of the polar expeditions.
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Vasily Yeroshenko – blind Lomonosov of the XX century

Yeroshenko in Beijing, 1922

Yeroshenko in Beijing, 1922

Vasily Yeroshenko’s name is almost unknown in modern Russia. Despite the fact he was blind, the man traveled half the world. Moreover, he learned at least 20 languages (including Japanese, Chinese, Chukchi and Turkmen) and wrote poems, fairy tales, stories and even plays. His collected works includes several heavy volumes. And some of his works have not yet been translated from the same Japanese into Russian. In the Land of the Rising Sun his name is familiar to almost any student.
Yeroshenko is a forgotten genius of the XX century. Because of his correspondence with foreign friends he was constantly under the supervision of the NKVD. His disability saved him from repression and accusations of “espionage for Japan”. His archives were destroyed and Yeroshenko restored them. He never lost hope and sought for something new until the end.
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Sergei Vronsky – great hoaxer or professional astrologer?

Sergei Vronsky - great hoaxer or professional astrologer?

Sergei Vronsky – great hoaxer or professional astrologer?

Sergei Vronsky was called ingenious hoaxer, compared with Nostradamus, Count Cagliostro, False Dmitry, and even Baron Munchausen. He was a descendant of the old ducal family, German Wehrmacht major, Rudolf Hess’ personal astrologer and, according to his biographers, one of the most effective Stalin’s agents.
He was an astrologer and a healer. And famous people including Feodor Chaliapin and Alexander Alekhine, Marlene Dietrich and Greta Garbo, Georges Pompidou and Mao Zedong, asked him for help. Vronsky had warned about the death of John F. Kennedy and Marilyn Monroe. Besides, he wrote a multivolume work Classical astrology and created a methodology for calculating the favorable and unfavorable periods for the individual based on his biorhythms.
Vronsky was an extraordinary and mysterious person. His name has become a symbol of classical astrology of the 20th century, and his multi-volume work, written in simple and understandable language, opened the gates to the mysterious science of astrology for many people. Vronsky died on January 10, 1998 in Riga, and a few days before his death, he had finished his work – 12 volumes on classical astrology. He put the last point in his manuscript, and only then quietly left this world. Vronsky was a mysterious person and even the closest people did not know anything about him in particular. He said: “I do not have the right to tell the truth.”
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Vladimir Zworykin – inventor of modern television

Vladimir Zworykin - inventor of modern television

Vladimir Zworykin – inventor of modern television


Vladimir Zworykin invented the “miracle of the twentieth century” – electronic television. His innovative ideas were also used to create electron microscopes and electron-optical converters, a variety of devices for medical electronics – from miniature “radio pills” to television device for the blind.
Vladimir Kozmich was born on July 30, 1889 in Murom. The three-story stone house, in which he spent his childhood and youth, has survived to our time and now it is the Murom Historical and Art Museum. Father Kozma Alekseevich was a merchant of the first guild, headed the Murom Public Bank. Vladimir was the youngest of seven children. You know, two brothers of Kozma Alekseevich became scientists. Nikolai Alekseevich Zvorykin (1854 – 1884), a student of A. Stoletov, was a master of mathematics and physics. Konstantin Alekseevich Zvorykin (1861-1928) was a professor at the Kiev Polytechnic Institute, the author of fundamental works on the theory of metal cutting and engineering technology.
Childhood, spent in Murom, remained in the memory of Vladimir Kozmich as a picture of a serene patriarchal way of life, full of joys.
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Prince Andrei Bogolubskii

V. Vasnetsov. Prince Andrei Bogolyubskii

V. Vasnetsov. Prince Andrei Bogolyubskii


Prince Andrei Bogolubskii (1110-1174), the son of Yuri Dolgoruky, was a rather tough man, but the history of North-Eastern Russia with the capital in Vladimir is associated with his name. Bogolubskii conquered Kiev in 1169 and put an end to Kievan Russia, which ceased to exist as a single state, having turned into a sort of modern CIS.
The young prince did not want to quarrel with his relatives for the throne of Kiev, and after his father’s death in 1115 he went to the north, where the Rostovites and Suzdalians recognized him as their prince. There he founded the new Grand Duchy of Vladimir, which was destined to become the heart of the Russian state for almost two centuries. He undertook several successful military campaigns. The prince declared Vladimir the capital, and appropriated himself the title of Grand Duke of All Russia, and in Western historiography he is often called the first Russian tsar.
The only information about Bogolubskii’s birth date (1111) is in Vasily Tatishchev’s History written 600 years later. In 1146 Andrei together with his elder brother Rostislav expelled an ally of Izyaslav Mstislavich – Rostislav Yaroslavich from Ryazan.
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Efrosinya Polotskaya

Efrosinya Polotskaya

Efrosinya Polotskaya


Efrosinya Polotskaya is the first woman to be canonized by the Russian Orthodox Church. You know, she was one of the most educated women of her time.
XII century was a period when the inhabitants of ancient Russia began to accept the Orthodox faith. The new faith was reflected in architecture, literature and art. Orthodox churches were decorated with scenes from the Bible. At many monasteries, scripts were opened, where translators from Greek and copyists of books worked. Polotsk at that time was one of the largest centers for the book production, as well as an excellent place for those who wanted to get education. There was a chronicle, from which we can now learn about the outstanding personalities of the time.
The exact date of birth of Efrosinya is unknown. Historians have established that Predslava (her real name) was born in 1101. She was the granddaughter of Vladimir Monomakh, and also the daughter of Polotsk prince Georgy. The girl was taught by monks. In the house of the prince there was a very large library and the girl was fond of reading. The description of Efrosinya and her life is taken from the annals, which were written by witnesses of that time. Among her favorite books were: Holy Scripture and the Psalter. Rumors about the wise girl quickly spread far beyond the borders of the Polotsk land, so many of the noble princes dreamed of such a wife.
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