Ivan Martos was a prominent Russian sculptor.
The boy was born in 1754 in the Poltava province (now Chernigov region of Ukraine) into the family of a small nobleman. He was admitted to the Imperial Academy in the first year of its establishment (in 1761), began his studies in 1764, and graduated from it in 1773 with a small gold medal. By the way, he was sent to Italy as a pensioner of the Academy. In Rome, he diligently studied art, practicing, in addition, drawing from nature in the studio of P. Battoni and studied under the leadership of R. Mengs.
When Ivan returned to St. Petersburg in 1779 he immediately became a teacher of sculpture in the Academy. Later, in 1814, he became the rector of the Academy.
Emperors Paul I, Alexander I, and Nicholas I ordered him to make sculptural compositions. To tell the truth, Martos became known not only in Russia, but also abroad.
You know, he was one of the artists who decorated the Kazan Cathedral in St. Petersburg. The sculptor became famous for his monument to Minin and Pozharsky in Moscow.
Moreover, he made a statue of Catherine II in 1812.
Ivan Martos died on April 17, 1835 and was buried at the Smolensk Orthodox cemetery. In the 1930s, his remains were moved to Lazarevskoye cemetery.