Vasily Demut-Malinovsky – Russian sculptor
Vasily Demut-Malinovsky (1779-1846) was a Russian sculptor, the greatest representative of the Russian Empire. His works echoed the heroic epoch of the 1812 War and were close to the thoughts and feelings of the Russian people. His monumental works form the ensemble unity with such classic dominants of Petersburg as the Kazan Cathedral, the Arch of the General Staff, the Narva Gate. He worked in the funeral sculpture.
The future sculptor was born in St. Petersburg in 1779. His father worked as a wood carver. In 1785, while still a child, the age of six Vasily began to study at the Academy of Arts. During his studies he won four medals: two silver and two gold.
In 1803, Demut-Malinovsky, together with other pupils of the Academy of Arts was sent to Italy. Three years later in 1806 he returned home, but all of his works done abroad perished en route. So, he had to create new works.
In 1813, the sculptor created statue Russian Scaevola. The idea for this work was suggested by an actual fact: Russian peasant escaped from captivity, chose to lose a hand than to have a brand – a mark of slavery. In his work Demut-Malinovsky showed the moment when a farmer only raised the ax. For the statue Vasily was awarded the title of professor.
One of the master’s early works in the field of tomb sculpture was his monument for the grave of Ye. I. Baryshnikova.
In the last years of life Vasily Ivanovich actively worked on the stucco decorations for the interiors of the Winter Palace and the Academy of Arts.
In 1830 the sculptor created the monument to Catherine II. Now the monument is located at the State Museum of Architecture. In 1833 he was awarded the title of honorary professor, and in 1836 he became rector of the department of sculpture at the Academy of Arts.
In 1838-1846 Demut-Malinovsky created a monument to Ivan Susanin. It was installed in Kostroma.
V. I. Demut-Malinovsky died on July 16, 1846. He was buried at the Tikhvinskoe cemetery of the Alexander Nevsky Monastery.