Valentin Rasputin – Russian writer
Valentin Rasputin was a Russian writer (representative of the so-called village prose), publicist and public figure. He was a Hero of Socialist Labor (1987), winner of two State Prizes of the USSR (1977, 1987), the State Prize of Russia (2012) and the Prize of the Government of the Russian Federation (2010), member of the Writers’ Union since 1967.
Valentin was born on March 15, 1937 in the village of Ust-Uda, East-Siberian region. After school, he entered the historical-philological faculty of the Irkutsk State University. As a student, he became a freelance correspondent of youth newspaper. One of his essays attracted the attention of the editor and later it was published in the anthology Angara (1961).
He lived and worked in Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk and Moscow.
Rasputin was recognized immediately for his first short stories and his first novella Money for Maria (1967). His next novella, The Last Date (1970), brought him literary fame. The seventies were most productive for Valentin; all his works were published in the best national literary magazines and promptly translated into many languages: To Live and to Remember (1974), Farewell to Matyora (1976), Lifetime to Live, Lifetime to Love (1982), The Fire (1985).
Then there were dozens and dozens of publications in major foreign languages and in all the Soviet Socialist Republics, official visits to China, where Rasputin was proclaimed as the best foreign writer (2010) and Mongolia for the presentation of his last novella, Daughter of Ivan, Mother of Ivan (2004) in 2011, nomination for the Nobel Prize (2010).
Valentin created the images of Russian women. The old woman Anna (The Last Date) to whom the Lord gives three more days to live to see her children; Nastyona (To Live and to Remember), a truly tragic heroine; Daria (Farewell to Matyora), a righteous woman who refuses to move to a new settlement and remains on her island to protect her house, the peasant cemetery, a pagan tree of life; Tamara Ivanovna (Daughter of Ivan, Mother of Ivan) who is compelled to take vengeance on a rascal for outraging the honor of her daughter.
On July 9, 2006 the daughter of the writer, 35-year-old musician Maria Rasputina, was killed in a plane crash which happened at Irkutsk airport.
On May 1, 2012 Svetlana Rasputina, the wife of the writer, died at the age of 72.
Valentin Rasputin died on March 14, 2015 in Moscow.
1969 – Rudolphio, director Dinara Asanova
1978 – French Lessons, director Eugene Tashkov
1980 – Bearskin for sale, director Alexander Itygilov
1981 – Farewell, director Larisa Shepitko and Elem Klimov
1981 – Vasiliy and Vasilisa, director Irina Poplavskaya
2008 – Live and Remember, director Alexander Proshkin