Osip Bove – Moscow Architect
Osip Bove was a Russian architect, famous for the reconstruction of the Russian capital after the 1812 Fire of Moscow. His role in creating the image of Moscow can be compared only with the work of Karl Rossi in St. Petersburg. Bove’s buildings were built primarily in the style of classicism.
He was born on October 24, 1784 in St. Petersburg in the family of the Neapolitan painter, Giovanni Vincenzo Bova, who came to Russia in 1782 to work at the Hermitage. At first the child was named Giuseppe, but later his name was changed for Russian name Osip Ivanovich. Shortly after the birth of Osip family moved to Moscow. The boy graduated from the Architecture School, then worked under the direction of M. Kazakov and K. Rossi in Moscow and Tver. In 1814, Bove was appointed chief architect of Moscow. He created the city-monument to the glory of the greatness of the Russian Empire. His younger brothers Mikhail and Alexander also worked as architects in Moscow.
In 1816, Osip married a widow Princess Avdotya Semyenovna Troubetskaya, nee Gurieva (1786-1871).
In 1817, Bove began with the reconstruction of Red Square, heavily damaged during the Fire in Moscow. Trading rows in the center of Moscow were rebuilt in the style of classicism, Red Square was reconstructed, Moscow Manege was built, Teatralnaya Square with Bolshoi Theater was created. Outside the center area Bove built City Hospital and Triumphal Arch.
Bolshoi Theatre brought Bove the greatest fame. Theatre Project created by Osip, was approved personally by Alexander I. The first performance in the new theater was held on January 6, 1825. 30 years later, after the fire, the Bolshoi Theatre was rebuilt by architect Kavos.
Bove paid less attention to Church Architecture, but his works in this area can be called outstanding.
Osip Ivanovich died on June 16, 1834 in Moscow and was buried in the cemetery of the Donskoy Monastery.