Nadezhda Obukhova, one of the best opera voices
Nadezhda Obukhova was a Soviet and Russian opera singer (mezzo-soprano), Stalin Prize winner (1943), People’s Artist of the USSR (1937). She was the soloist of the Bolshoi Theater, one of the best operatic voices in the history of Russia and the world.
Nadezhda was born on February 22 (6 March), 1886 in Moscow. Obukhova came from a noble family. Two of her uncles were professional singers, one of whom was the opera director of the Bolshoi Theatre. Her grandfather Adrian Mazaraki was a noted pianist, and her great-grandfather Yevgeny Baratynsky was a poet of Pushkin circle.
In 1907, Obukhova entered the Moscow Conservatory, where she was instructed by Umberto Masetti. Her operatic debut was in the role of Pauline in Tchaikovsky’s The Queen of Spades at the Bolshoi Theater. She quickly became a popular singer, appearing in a number of other productions including Carmen, Dalila, The Tsar’s Bride (as Marfa and as Lyubasha), The Snow Maiden, Der Ring des Nibelungen (as Fricka), Marina, Love for Three Oranges and Sadko.
Nadezhda played more than 25 roles at the Bolshoi Theatre
Obukhova retired as an opera singer in 1943 and was fully engaged in the concert performances. She died in Feodosia in August 1961, two months after giving her last concert. Obukhova was buried in Moscow in the Novodevichy Cemetery.
Asteroid 9914 Obuhova is named in her honor.