Mikhail Kozlovsky – Russian sculptor
Mikhail Kozlovsky was a Russian sculptor. Mikhail was born on October 26 (November 6), 1753 in St. Petersburg into a family of a military musician. He studied at the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts, where his closest mentors were professors Nicolas Gillet (a French artist who trained many talented sculptors of that time) and A.P. Losenko. In 1772 Kozlovsky was awarded a first class gold medal for his bas-relief Prince Izyaslav in the Field of Battle. After graduation, he became a pensioner of the Academy and was sent to Rome (from 1774 to 1779) and to Paris (from 1779 to 1780).
In 1780 the Marseilles Academy of Arts awarded him the title of academician—a fact which testifies to the popularity of his works abroad. Kozlovsky took subjects from the Homeric epics and Roman history. An important place in his art is occupied by his work on the figure of Alexander of Macedon (1780s).
In 1782 Kozlovsky returned to Russia with the sculptural group Jupiter and Ganymede made abroad. He also made a marble statue of Catherine II, represented as Minerva (1785). The Empress liked the statue and Kozlovsky obtained permission to travel to Paris to further his knowledge in his art. From 1788 to 1797 he lived in Paris.
Another of Kozlovsky’s finest achievements, and one of the most beautiful decorations of the fountains at Peterhof, was his Samson. The ensemble of the Peterhof fountains was destroyed by the Nazis in the Second World War. A copy of Kozlovsky’s work was made in 1947 by the Leningrad sculptor V. A. Simonov.
In 1794, he received the title of academician, as an artist who had already proved his talent and then he received the title of professor.
From 1794 until the end of his life he taught sculpture at the Academy. S.S. Pimenov and V.I. Demut-Malinovsky were among his students.
Mikhail Kozlovsky died on September 18 (30), 1802 in St. Petersburg and was buried at the Smolensk Orthodox cemetery. In 1931, his remains were reburied in a Lazarevskoye cemetery of the Alexander Nevsky Monastery.