Isaac Levitan – outstanding artist
Isaac Levitan was a Russian painter, master of the landscape of mood. In his short creative life Levitan produced about a thousand paintings, pastels and drawings.
Isaac Ilyich was born on August 18 (30), 1860 in the Suwalki Region in Lithuania. In the early 1870s Ilya Levitan moved to Moscow with his family to improve the financial situation and to educate children.
In the fall of 1873 Isaac entered the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture. His teachers were artists Perov, Savrasov and Polenov.
In March 1877 sixteen-year-old artist received a small silver medal for his work.
At a student exhibition of 1880 Pavel Tretyakov acquired the nineteen- year-old artist’s painting Autumn Day at Sokolniki. This was the first recognition of his talent.
In 1885, at the Kiselev estate in Babkino, Levitan met the writer Anton Chekhov, with whom he remained friends for the rest of his life.
In 1887, the artist’s dream came true – he went to the Volga, which was painted by his favorite teacher Savrasov.
About 200 works made during three summers in Ples brought the artist fame and Ples became very popular among landscape painters. He is one of the greatest poets of the Volga.
At the end of 1889 – at the beginning of 1890 Levitan traveled to Western Europe, visited France and Italy.
In 1895, the artist traveled to Austria and France.
In 1898 Levitan was awarded the title of academician of landscape painting. He taught at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture, and his landscapes were exhibited at All-Russia exhibitions, and in Munich and Paris.
Isaac Levitan died on July 22 (August 4), 1900. There were about 40 unfinished paintings and 300 sketches in his workshop.
On April 22, 1941 the remains of Levitan were moved to the Novodevichy Cemetery. Since then his tomb is next to the graves of his friends Nesterov and Chekhov.