Fyodor Dostoevsky – Russian writer
Fyodor Dostoevsky was a Russian writer, thinker, philosopher and publicist, corresponding Member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences since 1877. Dostoevsky acted as an innovator in the traditions of Russian realism. After the death Dostoevsky was recognized as a classic of Russian literature and one of the best novelists of world significance. He is considered to be the first representative of personalism in Russia. His novels Crime and Punishment, The Idiot, The Possessed and The Brothers Karamazov were included in the list of the 100 best books of all time in 2002.
Fyodor Dostoevsky was born on October 30, 1821 in Moscow, Russian Empire. Dostoevsky’s father dreamed, and even insisted that his two eldest sons entered the Engineering College and received a profession of engineers. But Fyodor and Mikhail didn’t want. They were fascinated by literature. Finally, they both became writers.
At the age of 36 Dostoevsky married for the first time. At that time Maria Dmitrievna Isaeva was the widow of his friend. In 1864, Maria died of tuberculosis, but Fyodor continued to take care of her son from her first marriage.
In 1867 Fyodor married for the second time. Anna Snitkina was young, cute and good stenographer. She was 20 years old, and he was 45. They had four children (Sofia, Lubov, Fyodor and Alexei). Sofia died a few months after birth, and Alex died at the age of 3. Fyodor continued his father’s work and became a writer, too.
They really loved each other. At the time of his death she was only 35 years old, but she never was going to get married again, and till the rest of her days she was faithful to her husband. She made a complete collection of the works of Dostoevsky, opened school, and published her memories of him. Anna died in 1918 at the age of 71. Today, her ashes are buried near the grave of her husband in the Alexander Nevsky Lavra.
Alexander Pushkin was undoubtedly the writer’s favorite poet. Fyodor knew almost all of his works by heart. A year before his death, he gave a speech at the opening of the monument to Pushkin in Moscow.
Fyodor Dostoevsky died on January 28, 1881 in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire. He made a huge contribution to Russian literature.
– Epilepsy is a specific disease. Caesar and Socrates, Van Gogh and Flaubert, Napoleon and Byron suffered from it. Dostoevsky’s epilepsy was of a special character. It was hystero-epilepsy. The main symptom of it is not the degradation of the individual, but chaotic contraction of the muscles and cries for help. When we say that Dostoevsky’s creativity is sore, there is a grain of truth in this judgment.
– Another passion and curse of Dostoevsky was gambling. Wiesbaden, immortalized by Dostoyevsky under the name of Roulettenburg, was one of the tourist mecca of Europe in the XIX century, a kind of Las Vegas. Dostoevsky gave the casino 9 years of his life. But even in this passion Dostoevsky found his inspiration. He wrote the novel The Gambler, which, however, was written to return the card debt. He managed to complete the novel for 21 days in October 1866.
– Dostoevsky is considered to be one of the first detective writers in Russian literature. At least one murder takes place in each of his novel. Money-disease-killing-repentance, sin…
– His formation took place in the exile. His table book was the Gospel. About his stay in exile Dostoevsky wrote: “… those 4 years I thought I was buried alive in a coffin … It was inexpressible, infinite suffering, because every hour, every minute was heavy as a stone in my heart “.
– The lack of money followed Dostoevsky and found a direct reflection in his works. Because of money Raskolnikov committed a double murder; money had changed Prince Myshkin, Fyodor Karamazov was killed because of money. Dostoevsky also wrote because of money, monetary motivation was one of the main for the writer.
– His last (and perhaps the most famous) novel The Brothers Karamazov, Dostoevsky devoted to his wife – Anna Snitkina.