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Russian Personalities

People well-known in art, sport, film, fashion

Category Archive: Politics

Lavrenti Beria – Soviet politician

Lavrenti Beria – Soviet politician

Lavrenti Beria – Soviet politician

Lavrenti Beria was a Soviet politician and police official, chief of the NKVD (1938-1946), member of the Communist Party (1917-1953).
Lavrenti Pavlovich Beria was born in 1899 in a village in the Georgian Republic. He was the son of a Georgian peasant.
He entered the Baku Polytechnic for Mechanical Construction in 1915 and graduated four years later.
In March 1917 Beria joined the Bolshevik wing of the Russian Social Democratic Labor Party. He participated in the Russian Revolution as an underground soldier and counterintelligence agent in the Caucasus.
In 1921, his career in the Soviet secret police began. Beria’s influence grew as the political police played an increasing role in Georgian politics. His career was successful because he helped to engineer the defeat of the national communists, who wanted Georgia to retain some form of independence from Moscow.
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Boris Skosyrev – king of Andorra

Boris Skosyrev - king of Andorra

Boris Skosyrev – king of Andorra


Boris Skosyrev was an adventurer, a Russian emigre. In 1934 he became the king of Andorra. His life was more like an adventure novel than a reality.
Boris Mikhailovich Skosyrev was born on June 12, 1896 in Vilnius, the Russian Empire. He was born into the family of Mikhail Skosyrev and his wife Elizaveta Dmitrievna.
In 1917 his father was a chief of the 7th district of Vilna province. It is known that during the World War I Skosyrev was attached to the British Armored Division. Then he was in the UK and, according to him, performed a series of secret orders of the British Government.
By 1923 Skosyrev had Dutch citizenship.
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Nadezhda Krupskaya – Soviet educator

Nadezhda Krupskaya – Soviet educator

Nadezhda Krupskaya – Soviet educator

Nadezhda Krupskaya was a revolutionary, educator, head of the Chief Committee for Political Education and deputy head of the Commissariat of Enlightenment, full member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party (1927-1939), wife of Vladimir Ilich Lenin. She also was an honorary member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Krupskaya was awarded the Order of Lenin (1935) and the Order of the Red Banner of Labor.
Nadezhda was born on February 14, 1869 in St. Petersburg into a poor aristocratic family.
In 1887, she finished women’s private school with a gold medal.
In the 1890s, she taught in workers’ evening and adult education schools. In Marxist circles she met Vladimir Ilich Ulyanov (Lenin). When she and Lenin were both arrested in 1895 and 1896, she followed him to Siberia as his fiancee and later as his wife. While in exile, Krupskaya wrote her most famous work, The Woman Worker (first published in 1901 and 1905).
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Yuri Andropov – the godfather of perestroika

Yuri Andropov - the godfather of perestroika

Yuri Andropov – the godfather of perestroika


Yuri Andropov was a general secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1982-1984).
Andropov was born on June 15, 1914, in the southern Russian region of Stavropol.
During World War II he worked with the partisan movement in Karelia, and after the war he became second secretary of the regional Party organization. In 1956 he was the ambassador to Hungary at the time of the Soviet invasion. In 1957 Andropov become head of the Central Committee’s Bloc Relations Department.
In 1962 he was promoted to Central Committee secretary and continued to oversee relations with other communist countries.
In 1967 he was appointed the head of the Committee on State Security (KGB) and a candidate member of the ruling Politburo.
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Konstantin Chernenko – Soviet leader

Konstantin Chernenko – Soviet leader

Konstantin Chernenko – Soviet leader


Konstantin Ustinovich Chernenko was a general secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1983-1985).
Konstantin Chernenko was born on September 24, 1911, in a village in the Krasnoyarsk region of Russia. As a teenager Chernenko became associated with the Communist Youth League (Komsomol), often an apprenticeship for future party officials. In 1929-1930, he was named to head the propaganda and agitation department of the Novoselovo District Komsomol committee. In 1930 Chernenko began three years’ service with the Red Army on the Chinese border. He became a full member of the party in 1931 and returned after his military service to Krasnoyarsk as a party propagandist.
In 1948 he became the head of the Agitation and Propaganda Department in the new Republic of Moldavia. There he got to know the future party leader Leonid Brezhnev, who became the republic’s first secretary in 1950. After Brezhnev became a Central Committee secretary, he brought Chernenko to Moscow in 1956 to work in the party apparatus.
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Nikita Khrushchev – Soviet leader

Nikita Khrushchev - Soviet leader

Nikita Khrushchev – Soviet leader

Nikita Khrushchev was first secretary of the Communist Party and leader of the USSR during the first decade after Stalin’s death between 1953 and 1964. He abolished the most ruthless aspects of the political system and tried with limited success to catch up with and overtake the U.S. economy. He was one of the most important figures of the Cold War. During his ten years in power, Nikita Khrushchev never stopped surprising the world with his vigor and stamina. He could work 14 to 16 hours a day, never needing a break. He allowed himself to relax only during his energetic hunting sessions.
Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev was born in April 1894 in the poor southern Russian village of Kalinovka. His parents were illiterate peasants, and young Nikita was more familiar with hard labor than formal education. In 1908 family moved to Yuzovka, where he worked various factory jobs and got involved in the organized labor movement. By 1914 he had become a skilled, highly paid metalworker, had married an educated woman from a fairly prosperous family, and dreamed of becoming an engineer or industrial manager.
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Joseph Stalin – Soviet leader

Joseph Stalin - Soviet leader

Joseph Stalin – Soviet leader

Joseph Stalin led the Soviet Union for about 25 years. He made it into a world power, but he was known for his harsh rule. He defended the achievements of the Bolshevik Revolution, successfully waged war against NAZI Germany, and contributed to the division of Eastern from Western Europe in the 1940s.
Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin was born on December 21, 1879, in Gori, Georgia. His father was a cobbler and his mother a domestic servant. He studied at a local church school and the Tiflis (Tbilisi in Georgian) Orthodox seminary, from which he was expelled in 1899.
His Georgian name was Ioseb Dzhugashvili. Later he used the name of Stalin, which is based on the Russian word for “steel.”
As a young man Stalin became interested in Communism. Communists believe that all citizens should get an equal share of their country’s wealth.
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