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Russian Personalities

People well-known in art, sport, film, fashion

Category Archive: Art

Pavel Trubetskoy – outstanding sculptor

Pavel Trubetskoy. Photo 1910

Pavel Trubetskoy. Photo 1910

Pavel Trubetskoy (Italian – Paolo Troubetzkoy) was a Russian sculptor and painter, worked in Italy, the US, Britain, Russia and France.
Pavel was born on February 15, 1866 in Intra, Italy. He was an illegitimate son of Russian immigrant Prince Pyotr Trubetskoy. Pyotr had two wives – one in Russia and the other abroad and Emperor Alexander II prohibited him to return home. Pavel’s mother was Ada Winans, the pianist from the US. The boy had two brothers: Pierre (Peter) – graphic artist and painter; and Luigi (1867-1959) – an electrical engineer.
At the age of eight Pavel became interested in sculpture. In 1884 at Donato Barcaglia’s studio in Milan serious lessons in sculpture began. Trubetskoy never received a systematic artistic training, but his rare talent and willpower assured his success.
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Fedor Tolstoy – Russian painter

Fedor Tolstoy

Sergey Zaryanko. Portrait of the artist and sculptor Fedor Petrovich Tolstoy, vice-president of the Academy of Arts, 1850. State Russian Museum, St. Petersburg

Count Fedor Tolstoy (1783 – 1873) was a Russian sculptor, painter, printmaker, and medal-designer, one of the most influential figures in Russian Art.
Fedor was born in St. Petersburg into the family of the head of the War Commissariat. His parents wanted their son to become a military man and sent him to the Polotsk Jesuit College and then to the Naval Corps. While studying at the Naval Corps he began to attend the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts. Soon Tolstoy retired from the service and gave up his military career.
A quite unusual aspect of his early period was his wax portraits—small profile representations executed in fairly low relief in light-colored, yellow or rose wax on a black board or glass.
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Fedot Shubin – Russian sculptor

Fedot Shubin

Fedot Shubin. Self-portrait

Fedot Shubin (28 May 1740 – 24 May 1805) was the most significant Russian sculptor of the XVIII century, a representative of classicism, one of the great masters of world art.
Fedot was born in a fishing village in the Arkhangelsk Gubernia into a family of peasant Ivan Afanasevich Shubnoi.
After his father’s death in the winter of 1759 Fedot went to St. Petersburg to study at the Academy of Fine Arts.
After the graduation Shubin together with Alexander Ivanov studied in Paris (1767-1770) and Rome (1770-1772).
In Paris Shubin was assigned to study under the sculptor Jean-Baptiste Pigalle, who was famous both for his allegorical and mythological compositions and for realistic portraits.
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Nikolai Yaroshenko – Russian painter

Nikolai Yaroshenko. Self-portrait

Nikolai Yaroshenko. Self-portrait

Nikolai Yaroshenko was born in December 1846 in Poltava. He was a Russian painter and portraitist. His father was a military officer who had advanced to the rank of major- general, his mother was the daughter of a retired lieutenant.
In 1863 Nikolai graduated from the Poltava Cadet Corps. In the same year Yaroshenko moved to St. Petersburg and entered the Pavlovsk military school. He also attended evening classes at the drawing school of the Society for the Furtherance of the Arts.
Yaroshenko was influenced by the ideas of the Russian revolutionary democrats.
On March 7, 1876 Yaroshenko was elected member of the Society of Peredvizhniki and for over ten years he and Ivan Kramskoi headed the Society.
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Silvestr Shchedrin – landscape painter

Silvestr Shchedrin. Self-portrait

Silvestr Shchedrin. Self-portrait

Silvestr Shchedrin (1791-1830) was an outstanding Russian artist, landscape painter, a representative of the Romantic Movement in art.
Shchedrin was twenty-seven years old when he went to Italy. His family was a kind of artistic dynasty. Silvester was a son of the famous sculptor and a nephew of painter Semyon Shchedrin. He could be successful in the St. Petersburg art environment. But Italy was the country of classic art, where he could learn a lot and test his talent. And it happened so that Shchedrin stayed in Italy until the end of his short life. He fell in love with the country, but he remained a Russian man, the artist who thought about the future of Russian art. His name is mentioned among the most important representatives of Russian art.
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Vissarion Belinsky – literary critic

Vissarion Belinsky – literary critic. Picture by K. Gorbunov

Vissarion Belinsky – literary critic. Picture by K. Gorbunov

Vissarion Belinsky was Russian literary critic. He was a major force in the intellectual and literary life of his country, and his writings form the foundation of Russian literary criticism. He established a symbiotic relationship between the writer and the critic whose creative interaction he considered a tool of societal self-exploration.
Vissarion Grigorievich Belinsky was born on May 30, 1811, in Suomenlinna (Sveaborg), Finland into the family of a naval doctor.
Vissarion spent his youth in Penza Province, Russia, where his father was district physician. He studied at the local grammar school and the Penza Gymnasium.
From 1829 to 1832 he studied at the literary department of the Philosophy Faculty of Moscow State University. In 1831 he published some reviews and poems in Listok. The following year he was expelled from the university because he attacked serfdom.
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Andrei Ryabushkin – Russian painter

Andrei Ryabushkin - Russian painter

Andrei Ryabushkin – Russian painter

Andrei Ryabushkin was a Russian painter, talented master of historical genre-painting and a sensitive portrayer of the peasant way of life.
Andrei was born on October 17 (29), 1861 in the village of Stanichnaya Sloboda, Tambov Gubernia. His father, Peter Vasilievich, and elder brother Fedor were icon painters and little Andrei helped them in their work. At the age of fourteen Ryabushkin was orphaned.
The student of the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture A. Preobrazhensky noticed Ryabushkin’s talent when he visited the village. He took the young boy to Moscow, where he entered the School of Art. After graduation from the school Ryabushkin went to St. Petersburg and in 1882 he entered the Academy of Fine Arts. During these years Ryabushkin worked on subjects from the Bible, classical mythology and Roman history.
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