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Russian Personalities

People well-known in art, sport, film, fashion

Category Archive: Art

Fyodor Dostoevsky – Russian writer

Fyodor Dostoevsky - Russian writer

Fyodor Dostoevsky – Russian writer

Fyodor Dostoevsky was a Russian writer, thinker, philosopher and publicist, corresponding Member of the St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences since 1877. Dostoevsky acted as an innovator in the traditions of Russian realism. After the death Dostoevsky was recognized as a classic of Russian literature and one of the best novelists of world significance. He is considered to be the first representative of personalism in Russia. His novels Crime and Punishment, The Idiot, The Possessed and The Brothers Karamazov were included in the list of the 100 best books of all time in 2002.
Fyodor Dostoevsky was born on October 30, 1821 in Moscow, Russian Empire. Dostoevsky’s father dreamed, and even insisted that his two eldest sons entered the Engineering College and received a profession of engineers. But Fyodor and Mikhail didn’t want. They were fascinated by literature. Finally, they both became writers.
At the age of 36 Dostoevsky married for the first time. At that time Maria Dmitrievna Isaeva was the widow of his friend. In 1864, Maria died of tuberculosis, but Fyodor continued to take care of her son from her first marriage.
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Valentin Rasputin – Russian writer

Valentin Rasputin – Russian writer

Valentin Rasputin – Russian writer

Valentin Rasputin was a Russian writer (representative of the so-called village prose), publicist and public figure. He was a Hero of Socialist Labor (1987), winner of two State Prizes of the USSR (1977, 1987), the State Prize of Russia (2012) and the Prize of the Government of the Russian Federation (2010), member of the Writers’ Union since 1967.
Valentin was born on March 15, 1937 in the village of Ust-Uda, East-Siberian region. After school, he entered the historical-philological faculty of the Irkutsk State University. As a student, he became a freelance correspondent of youth newspaper. One of his essays attracted the attention of the editor and later it was published in the anthology Angara (1961).
He lived and worked in Irkutsk, Krasnoyarsk and Moscow.
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Vasily Demut-Malinovsky – Russian sculptor

Vasily Demut-Malinovsky – Russian sculptor

Vasily Demut-Malinovsky – Russian sculptor

Vasily Demut-Malinovsky (1779-1846) was a Russian sculptor, the greatest representative of the Russian Empire. His works echoed the heroic epoch of the 1812 War and were close to the thoughts and feelings of the Russian people. His monumental works form the ensemble unity with such classic dominants of Petersburg as the Kazan Cathedral, the Arch of the General Staff, the Narva Gate. He worked in the funeral sculpture.
The future sculptor was born in St. Petersburg in 1779. His father worked as a wood carver. In 1785, while still a child, the age of six Vasily began to study at the Academy of Arts. During his studies he won four medals: two silver and two gold.
In 1803, Demut-Malinovsky, together with other pupils of the Academy of Arts was sent to Italy. Three years later in 1806 he returned home, but all of his works done abroad perished en route. So, he had to create new works.
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Alexander Benois – Russian artist

Alexander Benois – Russian artist

Alexander Benois – Russian artist

Alexander Benois was a Russian artist, art historian, art critic, founder and chief ideologue of the World of Art. As a talented artist, a populariser of art and organizer of many exhibitions, as a museum worker and an active figure in the world of theatre and cinema, Benois made an enormous contribution to the history of twentieth-century Russian art.
Alexander was born on April 21 (May 3), 1870 in St. Petersburg into a family of Russian architect Nikolai Leontyevich Benois and Camilla Albertovna Benois (the daughter of the architect A. K. Cavos).
For a while Alexander studied at the Academy of Fine Arts. In 1894 he graduated from St. Petersburg State University. In the same year he began his career as a theorist and art historian, wrote a chapter about the Russian artists for the German book “History of the painting of the XIX century”. In 1896-1898 and 1905-1907 he worked in France.
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Mark Antokolsky – famous Russian sculptor

Ilya Repin. Portrait of Mark Antokolsky

Ilya Repin. Portrait of Mark Antokolsky

Mark Antokolsky was a famous Russian sculptor, realist, professor of sculpture.
Mark was born on October 21 (November 2), 1843 in Vilnius, the Russian Empire. He was the youngest, the seventh child in a Jewish family. His parents were rather poor people and very religious. As a child Antokolsky drew wherever he could – on the table, on the walls. When the child grew up, he was sent to learn wood carving. A. A. Nazimova, a wife of the governor-general and known patron of the arts, learned about the talented boy. Thanks to her Mark entered the Academy of Fine Arts.
In 1864 Antokolsky was awarded a silver medal for the high relief Jewish Tailor, and in 1868 – the gold for the high relief Jewish Miser.
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Abram Arkhipov – Russian painter

Girl with a jug by Abram Arkhipov

Girl with a jug by Abram Arkhipov

Abram Arkhipov was a Russian painter, Peredvizhnik. He made his name in the history of Russian art as a sensitive, poetic artist who devoted all his talent to themes from peasant life.
He was born on August 15 (27), 1862 into a poor peasant family in Ryazan Gubernia.
He studied at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture. In addition, from 1884 to 1886 he studied at the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts. Arkhipov started out as a genre- artist, in the footsteps of his teacher – Perov.
In 1887, Arkhipov got a large silver medal and the title of the class artist for the painting Visiting the Sick Woman, which depicts the artist’s mother.
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Orest Kiprensky – master of portrait

Orest Kiprensky. Self-portrait

Orest Kiprensky. Self-portrait

Orest Kiprensky (1782 – 1836) was a Russian painter, a master of portrait. He was the first Russian portraitist of the XIX century.
Orest, the illegitimate son of a landowner A. Dyakonov, was born on March 13 (24), 1782 in Petersburg Gubernia. According to the documents he became a member of serf Adam Schwalbe’s family.
In 1788 he received freedom and entered the school at the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts under the name Kiprensky. He studied at the Academy until 1803.
In 1804 Kiprensky painted one of his most talented works—a portrait of his father, Adam Schwalbe. In 1830 it was displayed at an art exhibition in Naples. Some considered the portrait of his father a Rubens masterpiece, others thought it was a Van Dyck.
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