Anna Leopoldovna, regent of Russia
Anna Leopoldovna was a ruler of Russia from November 1740 to November 1741. She was regent of Russia for her son, the emperor Ivan VI.
Elizabeth Catharina Christine, the future Russian Empress, was born on December 7, 1718 in Rostock, Mecklenburg (Germany). Anna was the daughter of Tsarina Catherine of Russia (sister of Empress Anna) and of Charles Leopold, the Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.
In 1722, Anna arrived in Russia with her mother. In 1733, she was converted to the Orthodox Christianity and given the name Anna Leopoldovna. In 1739 Anna married Anthony Ulrich (1714–1776), son of Ferdinand Albert, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbottel. She lived in the palace of Peter the Great in the Summer Garden, and her favorite Moritz Linar lived in the house next door.
According to a Dictionary of Russian History, she ordered an investigation of the garment industry when new uniforms received by the military were found to be of inferior quality. When the investigation revealed inhuman conditions she issued decrees mandating a minimum wage and maximum working hours in that industry as well as the establishment of medical facilities at every garment factory.
She also presided over a brilliant victory by Russian forces at the Battle of Villmanstrand in Finland after Sweden had declared war against her Government.
Anna’s major rival, Elizabeth, the daughter of Peter I the Great (reigned in 1682-1725), staged a palace revolution on November 25, 1741.
Elizabeth imprisoned Anna and her family in 1742 and in 1744 exiled them to Kholmogory. Anna Leopoldovna died on March 7, 1746 in Kholmogory, Russia.