Andrei Ryabushkin – Russian painter
Andrei Ryabushkin was a Russian painter, talented master of historical genre-painting and a sensitive portrayer of the peasant way of life.
Andrei was born on October 17 (29), 1861 in the village of Stanichnaya Sloboda, Tambov Gubernia. His father, Peter Vasilievich, and elder brother Fedor were icon painters and little Andrei helped them in their work. At the age of fourteen Ryabushkin was orphaned.
The student of the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture A. Preobrazhensky noticed Ryabushkin’s talent when he visited the village. He took the young boy to Moscow, where he entered the School of Art. After graduation from the school Ryabushkin went to St. Petersburg and in 1882 he entered the Academy of Fine Arts. During these years Ryabushkin worked on subjects from the Bible, classical mythology and Roman history.
His diploma work was on a religious theme – The Removal from the Cross (1890).
During his travellings throughout Russia Ryabushkin became interested in Russian history and folk epic. He was attracted by the architecture and decoration of the old Russian buildings.
In 1890s the artist painted for all sorts of books and albums and also made studies for the proposed redecoration of St. Sophia’s Cathedral in Novgorod.
His major historical painting in that period was the Moscow Street in XVII Century (1896).
A significant role in the works of the artist devoted to the Russian landscape.
In 1901, he painted his one of the best pictures – A Wedding Procession in Moscow. In 1913 the painting was sold to Tretyakov Gallery.
In the last years of his life Ryabushkin enjoyed creating illustrations on the Russian epics and rural themes.
Ryabushkin was seriously ill with tuberculosis. In 1903 he went to Switzerland on the advice of his doctors, but sadly his health did not improve. He returned to Russia and died on 10 May 1904 in his studio at Didvino, Novgorod province.