Aleksandra Pakhmutova, Russian composer
Aleksandra Pakhmutova is a composer who makes stars. She is an author of over 400 songs, including such popular songs as The Melody, Russian Waltz, Tenderness, Hope, The Old Maple Tree, The Song of the Perturbed Youth, The Bird of Happiness and Good-Bye Moscow which was used as the farewell tune of the 22nd Olympic Games in Moscow in 1980. Her art became a part of the Soviet and Russian history.
Aleksandra, or Alya, was born on November 9, 1929 in Stalingrad (now Volgograd). She began playing the piano and composing music at an early age.
The Great Patriotic War interrupted her studies at Stalingrad music school, but in 1943 Pakhmutova went to Moscow and entered music school at the Moscow state music conservatory.
Alexandra worked in different genres. She has composed pieces for the symphony orchestra, the ballet Illumination, music for children, as well as music for different movies.
Her husband, the Soviet era poet Nikolai Dobronravov, wrote lyrics to her music, including songs used in three films.
One of her most famous ballads is Belovezhskaya Pushcha, composed in 1975.
Alexandra has received several Government Awards and State Prizes and served as the Secretary of the USSR and Russian Unions of Composers. She was named Hero of Socialist Labour in 1990. Her name was given to Asteroid # 1889, registered by the planetary center in Cincinnati, Ohio, United States.